The Babirusa, Description, Characteristics of the body, Behavior, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Threats, Conservation, life span, Facts about Babirusa - wikipidya/Various Useful Articles

The Babirusa, Description, Characteristics of the body, Behavior, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Threats, Conservation, life span, Facts about Babirusa

 The Babirusa

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The babirusa is a naked-looking wild pig native to the Indonesian archipelago. Male babirusas (boars) are notable for their unusual tusks, which will eventually grow long enough to penetrate the animal's head if not worn down or broken in a fight. Females (sows) have little tusks or none at all. "Babirusa" is Malay for "hog deer," and the term comes from the resemblance of their tusks to antlers.

The males' huge tusks are scary, yet they are fragile and readily shatter. They are not used as weapons, but rather to protect the boar's eyes during battles. Lower tusks with dagger-like tips are used to fend against opponents. Lower tusks are sharpened by rubbing them against trees if they get dull. When males battle over mates or territory, they stand side by side and use their shoulders to shove one other. They can stand on their hind legs and box each other with their front hooves. Babirusa adults have few, if any, natural predators.

Babirusas, like other pigs, are superb swimmers and love to dwell near bodies of water. They have been known to cross large rivers and seas to reach little islands. Babirusas are the quickest runners in the pig family, reaching speeds of up to 30 miles per hour—the same as a deer. Males love to live alone or in male groups. With their young, females form groups of up to eight individuals. They spend most of the day foraging in the forest, stopping to wallow in mud to cool down and cleanse themselves of parasites. Babirusas, unlike other pigs, rarely use their snouts to root for food. Instead, they dig for roots and look for bug larvae in decaying trees using their powerful hooves.

Characteristics of the body

These enormous pigs will not be seen on any farm! The male (boar) can grow to be two and a half feet tall from the shoulder and weigh up to 220 pounds. Females (sows) are somewhat smaller. They have narrow snouts and gray-brown skin that is wrinkled and sparsely covered with bristly hair. The male babirusa, like many pigs, has canine teeth that develop and finally tip upwards as tusks. 

Their lower teeth grow up and out past the lip's border. These teeth rotate 180 degrees at six months and begin to develop up and into the top of the nasal rostrum. These curved teeth can grow to be 17 inches long and, in certain circumstances, can arch so sharply that they puncture the animal's forehead. The female has fewer tusks or none at all in rare circumstances. 


Babirusas are a sociable species that like to dwell in small groups. Each group is made up of a single male, a few females, and their progeny. They have, however, been spotted associating nicely with other tribes.

Male babirusas prefer to live alone or in bachelor herds of two to three males, although females can be found in groups of up to eight young. They spend most of the day foraging and wandering the forest. Little is known about the behaviors of this cautious, forest-dwelling pig. The babirusa appears to be largely diurnal, meaning that it is active during the day and sleeps at night. When they are not foraging, they may wallow in the mud or simply lie down and relax during the day.

Babirusas communicate by grunts and groans, as well as clattering teeth. They also exhibit strange "plowing" behavior. Babirusas (mostly males) will squat on their chests and thrust their heads forward through the sand, vocalizing and creating frothy saliva. The babirusa looks to devour the sand as it plows through, which is thought to have some type of scent-marking function, while the specific purpose is unknown.


There are many intriguing and unusual animals in nature, such as the Buru babirusa, a pig-like mammal. It is from Indonesia, yet it only lives on a few of the country's islands. Despite being quite similar to the pig, it is hardly recognized outside of its own country.

Babirusas are found mostly on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. They may be found in damp, marshy woodlands as well as rich tropical rainforest thickets. Although much about its environment is unknown, scientists assume it is the same as or comparable to that of B. celebensis. As a result, it lives in the rainforest, near the banks of rivers and ponds.

This is because of babirusas like spending time buried in muck or water. Compared to other species in the genus, this species predominates in the interior of the island.


Babirusas are omnivorous, however, their favorite foods are leaves, fruits, and berries. They also consume insects and carrion. The babirusa, like other Suidae family members, is omnivorous in terms of food. Its diet consists of a wide range of items, including leaves, roots, fruits, and tiny dead animals.

These omnivorous pigs eat leaves, fruits, berries, nuts, mushrooms, bark, insects, fish, and even tiny babirusas! They dig for bug larvae and roots in the ground with their unique hooves, yet they can also stand on their two hind legs and feed on leaves high in the trees.

However, because they do not hunt for food, we can define them as scavengers of tiny vertebrates or invertebrates. They just eat on animals they come upon while looking for other meals.


Babirusa, the baby. Babirusa reaches sexual maturity at the age of one or two years. The mating season lasts from January to August, and battles between rival males occur before mating. Females' gestation lasts 155 to 158 days and concludes with one or two piglets (a tiny litter for pigs) with no stripes on their skin

The babirusa's predator-free habitat is typically linked to the smaller litter size and lack of concealment. Piglets are breastfed for the first six to eight months of their lives. Around 10 days old, they usually start exploring their surroundings and supplementing their nutrition with solid food. The piglets grow swiftly.


Hunting and habitat damage caused by deforestation and mining are two threats.

These species are rated as vulnerable on the IUCN red list. Hunting, poaching, and habitat fragmentation are the greatest threats to these species. However, these species' estimated population is less than 10,000 individuals and is progressively declining. The Babirusa is properly protected by Indonesian legislation, although unlawful hunting remains a severe concern.


The babirusa has been designated as a vulnerable species and is only found in a few locations. Unfortunately, specialists are unsure of the number of adults and the present population situation.

Its decrease in the past has been mostly due to human meddling. Its habitat has been destroyed by deforestation and land conversion for agriculture.

Another, less well-known, the cause is the hunting of this animal food, which is considered a delicacy. Non-Muslim communities, in particular, have been responsible for babirusa hunting.

Babirusa's life span

Babirusa has a ten-year average lifespan in the wild but can live for up to 24 years in captivity.

Facts about Babirusa

The Babirusa is a diurnal creature, foraging in the morning and late afternoon and resting in the middle of the day.

These species gather bedding material and build a nest to spend the night in.

Many observations of wild Sulawesi Babirusa come from open, swampy mineral licks where they wallow and ingest mineral-rich substrate.

One or two adult females and their young make up the tiny family group.

Adult males are mostly solitary, but they may accompany a female group or be seen in tiny bachelor groups of two to three males.

These creatures communicate through rattling screeches, low whines, and growls. Even though females call their young with a clucking sound.

Babirusa has been spotted plowing while being held in captivity. They will plunge their snouts deep into the loose dirt, kneel, and slide forward on their chest when putting in soft sand.

They also salivate when plowing, which has been proposed as their distinctive scent-marking habit.

The Babirusa is a great swimmer that can go from island to island in quest of food.

They are also the quickest creatures in the pig family, with the ability to run as quickly as a deer.

Babirusa has great senses of smell and hearing, which they employ to locate food and evade predators.

The Babirusa is hunted for food by the Indonesians. They had also quickly kidnapped and tamed young.

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