Snake, Description, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Conservation, Behavior, Threats, amazing snake facts, and LifeSpan - wikipidya/Various Useful Articles

Snake, Description, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, Conservation, Behavior, Threats, amazing snake facts, and LifeSpan


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Many individuals are terrified of these reptiles. Snakes are distinguished from all other reptiles by their long, thin body and lack of legs, eyelids, or ear flaps. Scales are back-folded and malleable skin portions that cover them. Interstitial skin refers to the skin between the scales. They, like their reptile relatives, maintain their body temperature by using the heat of the surrounding air. Snakes with flexible bodies can extend out to warm up fast, coil up to save body heat, or simply warm a specific region of the body.

It's amazing how quickly a snake can move from one location to another. A snake may move ahead by contracting and releasing the muscles on each side of its body. When asked how a snake moves, most people assume "slither," however for a collection of reptiles with the same fundamental body shape, various snakes may move in a remarkable range of ways. Even the manner they crawl varies greatly.

Snakes get traction by having flattened scales on the underside of their body called ventral scutes. Snakes with scutes just on the underside of their bodies move more slowly; quicker snakes have scutes that reach upward to the sides of their bodies; the more scutes, the faster the snake. Sea snakes, on the other hand, have flattened tails that they use like paddles to push them through the water, and certain tree snakes are dubbed flying snakes, despite the fact that they don't actually fly but instead flatten their bodies and spread their ribs to glide from tree to tree.

Because snakes lack eyelids, they cannot blink or close their eyes to sleep. Sometimes visitors to the Zoo believe a snake is looking at them through the viewing glass, but it's difficult to know. Snakes can't see very well in the first place and appear to detect objects only when they move. They usually detect their prey by vibrations created by movement. Snakes are sensitive to vibrations, particularly those produced by their prey, but the scent is their most acute sense.


Snakes may be found on land and in water, as well as in any ecosystem imaginable—except Antarctica.

They may be found at heights above 10,000 feet in open oceans, enormous deserts, and mountain areas (3,000 meters). Those who live in colder climates may hibernate in deep, subterranean burrows, lying dormant until spring provides warmer conditions. Snakes in desert areas frequently spend the day in tunnels excavated by other species.


All snakes are carnivores with a diverse diet: they devour animals such as mice, rats, rabbits, fish, frogs, and even other snakes! Some snakes solely consume eggs, which are frequently deposited by birds. An egg-eating snake has sharp bones in its neck that split the egg apart as it is ingested in order to get through the hard shell. They then spit forth the shell fragments.

Snakes discover their prey in a number of methods, including sight, heat-sensing pits on the sides of their heads (known as pit vipers) or on the lips of some boas and pythons, sense vibrations with their bodies, or "tasting" the air with their tongue to see what's around. Snakes find food in two ways: actively looking for it or sitting in an ambush, waiting for it to come to them. The "sit-and-wait" approach is typically used by larger snakes such as pythons, boas, and vipers, however, even these snakes may have to relocate if they are unsuccessful.

Snakes have incredible speed while striking (or reaching forward swiftly to catch their victim). Some simply snare little prey and consume it right away, while others grab and tighten around their prey, squeezing tighter each time the victim exhales. These constrictors detect the prey's heartbeat and constrict until it stops. Venomous snakes inject their prey with a poisonous complex protein that kills or paralyzes it.

Spitting cobras have modified fangs that can spray poison up to a distance of 6 feet. This is just a defensive tactic that benefits both the snake and its predator by avoiding any physical contact. The poison paralyzes the would-be assailant but does not kill it as a bite would. People are generally afraid of snakes because of their venom, however only around one-third of snake species are poisonous, and human deaths from snakebites are extremely rare.

Snakes do not chew their meal; instead, they swallow it whole. Imagine attempting to cram an entire watermelon into your mouth. Snakes, on the other hand, may consume prey that is up to 20% of their body size! They start their meal by swallowing prey headfirst, hanging on with strong backward-pointing teeth. Their mouth bones are weakly linked to one other and to the skull, and the lower jaws are held together by a stretchy band of skin. The neck and body muscles then assist in pulling the prey into the esophagus. Furthermore, the aperture to the windpipe is located at the front of the upper mouth and is movable, allowing snakes to breathe while swallowing.

Snakes may not have to eat again for several days, weeks, or months, depending on the size of the meal. There have even been reports of a huge python not eating for nearly two years!

How do snakes hunt?

Snakes have forked tongues that they use to sniff their environment by flicking them in different ways. This alerts them to the presence of danger or food.

Snakes may smell food in a variety of ways. Pit holes in front of their eyes detect the heat emitted by warm-blooded prey. And the bones in their lower teeth take up vibrations from scurrying rats and other creatures. Snakes can consume creatures three times the size of their head because their lower jaws unhinge from their top jaws when they catch food. Once within a snake's mouth, the prey is kept in place by fangs that point inward, trapping it.


Make room for young snakes: Oviparous snakes deposit 2 to 16 eggs in a clutch, with some laying 50 or more eggs. The mother snake either buries her eggs or wraps her body over them and "shivers" to produce heat. In certain pythons and king cobras, the mother stays to safeguard her eggs from predators; in other species, the eggs are left to develop without parental care. In some snake species, the parent may remain for a brief time after hatching.

Some female snakes bear live offspring rather than deposit eggs, however, most species do not know if they are viviparous or ovoviviparous. Because the growing young may be kept warm inside the mother's body, live-bearing snakes benefit more in more harsh climes and at higher elevations where the temperature is cooler.

While there are a few known species where the mother sticks around for a lengthy period of time, most snakes are on their own after they are born or hatch. Typically, the mother does not stay to raise her children.

A snake grows throughout its life, but its exterior skin does not, therefore the snake must shed, or molt, its external skin on occasion. The snake stops feeding about two weeks before it is ready to shed, and its skin becomes dull as fluid begins to separate the old skin from the new. The snake may brush its head against a hard surface to assist flip the skin inside out, just like you would pull off your socks!

A newborn snake sheds shortly after hatching or birth to avoid predators by leaving its scent and skin behind as it wiggles away. It grows swiftly initially and sheds many times over the first year. As the snake ages, it molts less frequently, sometimes just two to four times each year.


Because snakes are so extensively scattered, habitat destruction, hunting for food, or trading in snake skins, can all have an influence on their survival. When you consider how rapidly rodents and rabbits breed, we owe snakes a debt of gratitude for aiding in population control. Scientists are looking at how snake venom may be used in human medicine.

It is believed that the Brazilian Atlantic Forest is home to 30% of all South American snakes and lizards. One of them is the golden lancehead snake, which lives on Brazil's Snake Island, Queimada Grande. The golden lancehead is critically endangered because of the illicit pet trade and natural calamities such as wildfires. When you consider how rapidly rodents and rabbits breed, we owe snakes a debt of gratitude for aiding in population control. Scientists are looking at how snake venom may be used in human medicine.


Snakes shed their skin around once a month, a process known as ecdysis, which allows for the development and rids the body of parasites. They brush up against a tree limb or other object, then crawl out of their skinhead, inside-out.

Most snakes lay eggs, but others, such as sea snakes, give birth to live offspring. With the exception of pythons, which incubate their eggs, few snakes give any attention to their eggs.


The IUCN Red List lists over a hundred snake species as endangered, generally owing to habitat loss from development.

In the wild, snakes confront several predators, including birds of prey, cats, raccoons, and other carnivorous creatures. They are also frequently in danger while approaching streets or other crowded places, as humans dislike snakes.

Keeping a snake in captivity increases its chances of living a long and full life. Many pet snakes survive for 15 to 30 years on average, depending on the quality of care and the kind of snake. This implies that getting a pet snake requires a lengthier commitment than you would think.

Sea snakes

The majority of snakes reside on land, however, there are roughly 70 snake species that exist in the Indian and Pacific seas. Sea snakes and their cousins, kraits, are among the most poisonous snakes on the planet, yet they pose minimal threat to people because they are shy and docile, and their fangs are too small to cause significant harm.

Amazing Snake Facts

Here are some fascinating facts about these reptiles:

Only 600 of the roughly 3,800 distinct varieties have deadly fangs. Nonvenomous snakes include the gopher snake and king snakes. Only 200 of these snakes are powerful enough to hurt a human.

They have no eyelids or ear openings despite being a reptile, like a lizard.

Despite the existence of teeth, snakes do not chew their food. Instead, they consume it completely.

Except for Antarctica, these reptiles may be found on every continent.

The snake with the longest lifespan is 62 years old and lives in Missouri.

Life Span

Snakes live an average of 2-8 years in the wild, with many living twice as long in captivity.

Predation is one of the most serious threats to a snake's long and healthy existence. This is why, like many other species, captive snakes outlive their wild counterparts.

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