Andean bears, Description, Local Habitat, Diet, Reproduction and Conservation of Andean Bear - wikipidya/Various Useful Articles

Andean bears, Description, Local Habitat, Diet, Reproduction and Conservation of Andean Bear

Andean Bears

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Description of Andean Bears

These bears' eyes are encircled with whitish or cream eyeglasses. Each animal has a distinct pattern of marks because the light hue varies in its descent to the animals' necks and chests. The thick coats of Andean bears are often either black or brown, with rare red tinges. The head, throat, and chest of every spectacled bear have a unique pattern of characteristic cream or white markings that serve as its "fingerprint."

The size of  Andean Bears 

The only bear species native to South America is the Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus), which is only found in a sliver of the Andes' cloud forests, dry forests, and high grasslands. Andean bears are significant keystone species throughout their range and are also referred to as spectacled bears owing to their unusual eye patterns. These bears are, however, becoming more and more in danger due to habitat loss and fragmentation, which puts them in greater proximity to and in conflict with people.

Bears with spectacles reach lengths of 5 to 6 feet (1.5 to 1.8 meters) and have shoulders that are 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters) high. Males may weigh up to 340 pounds and grow up to 30% bigger than females (154 kilograms). Rarely can females reach a weight of 180 pounds (81 kilograms)?

Vocal communication 

More than any other bear species outside the giant panda, Andean bears are considered to communicate vocally. They have distinctive vocalizations that are distinctly "bear-unlike," including a piercing shriek and a gentle purr. To communicate with their offspring, mothers of bears may use a variety of vocalizations.

Habitat of  Andean Bears 

The only bears in South America are Andean bears, which are exclusively found in the Andes and nearby mountain ranges from western Venezuela to Bolivia. A few have been recorded from far northern Argentina and eastern Panama. Numerous mountain ecosystems are home to Andean bears. Although some reside at lower altitudes, the majority do so between 6,000 and 8,800 feet (1,829 and 2,682 meters) above sea level. The habitat ranges from thorny dry woodland to the rainforest, cloud forest, and mossy, stunted elfin forest. Alongside woods, they will also browse in meadows.

Diet of Andean Bears  

The preferred diets of spectacled bears are fruits and bromeliads, although they also consume berries, grasses, bulbs, cactus flowers, and small animals including mice, rabbits, and birds. Bears occasionally invade cornfields close to populated areas.

Spectacled bears browse on the ground and climb trees. To access higher food, they will erect stick platforms, and their keen claws will be used to rip open vast quantities of bromeliads.

The Andean bears at the Smithsonian National Zoo consume a dog chow-like dry meal mixture along with fruits and vegetables including apples, oranges, and grapes.

Social Organization

Spectacled bears wander alone outside of the mating season.

Reproduction of Andean Bears 

Between the ages of four and seven, female Andean bears reach sexual maturity. Males and females spend a week or two together during the breeding season, which lasts from April to June, and frequently mates. In females, implantation is delayed. This enables the female to give birth when there is an abundance of food, which is typically between November and February. The embryo won't implant if there aren't enough nutrients. After implantation, cubs grow for two to three months. One or two cubs are born from the mother.

At birth, newborn cubs weigh between 10 and 18 ounces and are almost toothless, blind, and hairless. At 4 to 6 weeks of age, they typically open their eyes and take their first steps. Until they are around 3 months old, the cubs usually don't venture beyond the security of the den.

Spectacled bear activity occurs mostly at night. Spectacled bears snooze throughout the day in quiet areas like tree holes, tree platforms, between big, exposed tree roots, or in dens carved out of cliff cliffs.

Lifespan  of Andean Bears 

While they typically live to be approximately 20 years old under human care, it is not unusual for them to survive into their late 20s or, on occasion, their early 30s. It is unknown how long Andean bears may live in the wild.

Conservation of  Andean Bears 

Andean bears face extinction, much like too many other species of nature. The major dangers to this bear are caused directly or indirectly by people. Poaching, the conflict between bears and humans, and habitat degradation and fragmentation are the top problems facing Andean bears. International trade regulations now protect Andean bears, but unlawful hunting for their meat, fat, and body parts continues. How many of these bears are still alive is unknown. Climate change is causing habitat for Andean bears to shift and be destroyed for mining, logging, and farming. The pace of habitat loss for Andean bears is between two to four percent each year, and it is not decreasing.

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