The African spurred tortoise, Description, Behavior, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, and Threats - wikipidya/Various Useful Articles

The African spurred tortoise, Description, Behavior, Habitat, Diet, Reproduction, and Threats

 African tortoise

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Approximately 220 million years ago, a group of reptiles called turtles and tortoises first appeared. The only animals with backbones that also have a shell are turtles and tortoises. Their shells are composed of 59–61 bones that are covered by scutes, which are plates formed of the same keratin like our fingernails. The shell is affixed to the spine and rib cage permanently, making it impossible for them to climb out of it. The plastron is the shell's bottom, while the carapace is its top. Similar to how you can feel pressure with your fingernails, they are able to feel pain and pressure through their shells.

The biggest tortoise on land is an African spurred tortoise, which may grow to a length of 30 inches (76 cm) and a weight of more than 100 pounds (45 kilograms). Even some men can weigh 200 pounds (90 kilograms) or more! Only the Galápagos and Aldabra island inhabitant tortoises are superior to it.

It is bred and marketed all across the US, but despite how adorable the young are, they grow fast and, as was already indicated, become very huge. They are uncontrollable and in need of a new home, according to many owners. Particularly when young, they have active personalities and are inquisitive, clever reptiles. The sulcata tortoise spurred tortoise, and African spur thigh tortoise is another name for it.


From the moment they hatch, these tortoises are quite hostile to one another. Males frequently engage in activities like ramming against one other and attempting to turn each other over. These tortoises are well suited to digging and like it. Tortoises are robust and extremely active animals. Since they primarily rely on metabolic water and the moisture from food for their water needs, going inside a burrow when the weather is excessively hot or cold also helps them avoid being dehydrated. They spend hours in their burrows, flipping mud onto their backs if they come across it. They will spit and coat their forearms with saliva to help cool off if temperatures rise beyond 40 C. The hours between dark and dawn are when they are most active, and they typically bask in the morning to warm up after a chilly night.


This tortoise creates caves up to 10 feet (3 meters) deep to rest in during the sweltering summers in its scorching environment, when days can exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius). The temperature in these underground refuges dips into the 70s, substantially lower than the air above ground (20s Celsius). They reuse abandoned tortoise burrows because they frequently provide other creatures with the sole refuge.


Vegetarians and African spurred tortoises use succulent plants for food and a large portion of their water requirements. Their natural food consists of weeds, cactus, flowers, and grasses. They consume a variety of grasses, berseem, lettuce, and morning glory leaves while living in captivity, or in zoos. Dandelion greens are one of their favorite foods.

greening up. These tortoises consume grasses, flowers, weeds, and cactus in their natural environment. Since they are herbivores like other tortoises, too much protein, poor lighting, nutrition, calcium, and vitamin D3 deficiency can result in abnormal bone development and carapace abnormalities. At the San Diego Zoo, the tortoises consume pellets made from the Mazuri tortoise diet, Bermuda hay, and chopped greens.

When it finds a water source, the tortoise may drink up to 15% of its total weight, even though it can live for weeks without food or water.


Breeding polygynously is African-spurred tortoises. This indicates that during the breeding season, males will mate with many females. Although it is most prevalent from September to November following the rains, breeding occurs from June to March. Males become more combative and ram each other to defeat any rivals. They moan, croak, and whistle when they bump against one another and bite. They make a lot of noise when mating. Females dig numerous nests after mating before selecting the best one. An egg is typically deposited every three minutes, and a clutch contains between 15 and 30 eggs. The eggs are covered by the mother, and they take around 8 months to hatch. The eggs hatch in captivity between 90 and 180 days, with an average of 100 to 120 days. Hatchlings are around 2 inches long, and each scute has a thick, dark brown edge. The young are rambunctious and energetic and frequently plow into other hatchlings and adjacent objects.


Due to habitat destruction, populations of African spurred turtles have drastically decreased, especially in Mali, Chad, Ethiopia, and Niger.

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